Philosophy of mind

What is consciousness?

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Contents

  1. Consciousness
    1. Introduction
    2. Perception
  2. Dualism
    1. Introduction
    2. Criticism
  3. Physicalism
  4. Panpsychism
  5. Illusionism
  6. Neuroscience
    1. Theoretical neuroscience
    2. Experimental neuroscience
    3. Computational neuroscience
  7. Language
    1. Universal grammar
    2. Origin of language
    3. Animal cognition
  8. Free will
  9. Artificial intelligence and mind
    1. Introduction
    2. Symbolic vs connectionist AI
    3. Criticism
    4. Counter criticism
  10. My thoughts
  11. Annotated bibliography
    1. Nagel, T. (1974). What is it like to be a bat?
    2. Dennett, D. (1991). Consciousness Explained.
    3. Chalmers, D. (1996). The Conscious Mind: In Search of a Fundamental Theory.
    4. Kurzweil, R. (2012). How to Create a Mind.
    5. More articles to do
  12. Links and encyclopedia articles
    1. SEP
    2. IEP
    3. Wikipedia
    4. Others
    5. Videos
  13. References

Consciousness

Introduction

Perception

See also:

Dualism

Introduction

Figure 1: TODO

Criticism

Physicalism

See also:

Panpsychism

See also:

Illusionism

Neuroscience

Theoretical neuroscience

Experimental neuroscience

Computational neuroscience

Figure 2: Kahn, Fritz. (1939). What goes on in our heads when we see a car and say ‘car’.

Language

Universal grammar

Origin of language

See also:

Animal cognition

Free will

Artificial intelligence and mind

Introduction

Proposal (1955) for the Dartmouth Workshop:

The speeds and memory capacities of present computers may be insufficient to simulate many of the higher functions of the human brain, but the major obstacle is not lack of machine capacity, but our inability to write programs taking full advantage of what we have.28

See also:

Symbolic vs connectionist AI

See also:

Criticism

See also:

Counter criticism

My thoughts

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.

Annotated bibliography

Nagel, T. (1974). What is it like to be a bat?

  • Nagel (1974)

My thoughts

  • TODO

Dennett, D. (1991). Consciousness Explained.

  • Dennett (1991)

My thoughts

  • TODO

Chalmers, D. (1996). The Conscious Mind: In Search of a Fundamental Theory.

  • Chalmers (1996)

My thoughts

  • TODO

Kurzweil, R. (2012). How to Create a Mind.

  • Kurzweil (2012)

My thoughts

  • TODO

  • TODO

SEP

IEP

Wikipedia

Others

Videos

References

Aaronson, S. (2013). The ghost in the quantum Turing machine. https://arxiv.org/abs/1306.0159
Andrews, M. (2021). The math is not the territory: Navigating the free energy principle. Biology & Philosophy, 36, 1–19. http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/18974/
Bunge, M. (2010). Mind and Matter: A Philosophical Inquiry. Dordrecht: Springer.
Chalmers, D. J. (1996). The Conscious Mind: In Search of a Fundamental Theory. Oxford University Press.
Cohen, M. A., Dennett, D. C., & Kanwisher, N. (2016). What is the bandwidth of perceptual experience? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 20, 324–335. https://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/112190/nihms769621.pdf
Davidson, D. (1982). Rational animals. Dialectica, 36, 317–327.
Dennett, D. C. (1991). Consciousness Explained. Hachette Book Group.
———. (2016). Illusionism as the obvious default theory of consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 23, 65–72. https://ase.tufts.edu/cogstud/dennett/papers/illusionism.pdf
Dreyfus, H. L. (1965). Alchemy and artificial intelligence. RAND Corporation. https://www.rand.org/pubs/papers/P3244.html
———. (1972). What Computers Can’t Do. MIT Press.
Fodor, J. A. (1975). The Language of Thought. Harvard University Press.
Fodor, J. A. & Pylyshyn, Z. W. (1988). Connectionism and cognitive architecture: A critical analysis. Cognition, 28, 3–71.
Frankish, K. (2016). Illusionism as a theory of consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 23, 11–39. https://keithfrankish.github.io/articles/Frankish_Illusionism%20as%20a%20theory%20of%20consciousness_eprint.pdf
Friston, K. (2010). The free-energy principle: a unified brain theory? Nature Reviews: Neuroscience, 11, 127–138. https://www.uab.edu/medicine/cinl/images/KFriston_FreeEnergy_BrainTheory.pdf
Gefter, A. & Hoffman, D. D. (2016). The case against reality. The Atlantic. April 25, 2016. https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/04/the-illusion-of-reality/479559/
Grzankowski, A. (2015). Not all attitudes are propositional. European Journal of Philosophy, 23, 374–391.
Koch, C., Massimini, M., Boly, M., & Tononi, G. (2016). Neural correlates of consciousness: Progress and problems. Nature Reviews: Neuroscience, 17, 307–321.
Kurzweil, R. (2012). How to Create a Mind. Penguin Books.
MacFarquhar, L. (2014). Two Heads: A marriage devoted to the mind-body problem. New Yorker. July 21, 2014. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2007/02/12/two-heads
Mach, E. (1914). The Analysis of Sensations and the Relation of the Physical. (C. M. Williams & S. Waterlow, Trans.). Open Court.
Mark, J. T. & Marion, B. (2010). Natural selection and veridical perceptions. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 266, 504–515. http://cogsci.uci.edu/~ddhoff/PerceptualEvolution.pdf
McCarthy, C. (2017). The Kekulé Problem. Nautilus, 47. https://nautil.us/issue/47/consciousness/the-kekul-problem
McCarthy, J., Minsky, M. L., Rochester, N., & Shannon, C. E. (1955). A proposal for the Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence. http://www-formal.stanford.edu/jmc/history/dartmouth.pdf
Montero, B. (1999). The Body Problem. Nous, 33, 183–200.
Nagel, T. (1974). What is it like to be a bat? The Philosophical Review, 83, 435–450. https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/cross_fac/iatl/study/ugmodules/humananimalstudies/lectures/32/nagel_bat.pdf
Reimann, M.W. et al. (2017). Cliques of neurons bound into cavities provide a missing link between structure and function. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 11. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fncom.2017.00048/full
Ross, D. (2000). Dennett’s Philosophy: A comprehensive assessment. MIT Press.
Tononi, G. (2004). An information integration theory of consciousness. BMC Neuroscience, 5, 1–22. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-2202-5-42
———. (2010). Information integration: Its relevance to brain function and consciousness. Archives Italiennes de Biolaogie, 148, 299–322. http://www.architalbiol.org/index.php/aib/article/view/148299
Tononi, G. & Edelman, G. M. (1998). Consciousness and complexity. Science, 282, 1846–1851.

  1. Mach (1914).↩︎

  2. Nagel (1974).↩︎

  3. Dennett (1991).↩︎

  4. Chalmers (1996).↩︎

  5. Mark & Marion (2010).↩︎

  6. Gefter & Hoffman (2016).↩︎

  7. Bunge (2010).↩︎

  8. MacFarquhar (2014).↩︎

  9. Montero (1999).↩︎

  10. Frankish (2016).↩︎

  11. Dennett (2016).↩︎

  12. Ross (2000).↩︎

  13. Fodor & Pylyshyn (1988).↩︎

  14. Tononi (2004).↩︎

  15. Tononi (2010).↩︎

  16. Friston (2010).↩︎

  17. Andrews (2021).↩︎

  18. Tononi & Edelman (1998).↩︎

  19. Koch, Massimini, Boly, & Tononi (2016).↩︎

  20. Cohen, Dennett, & Kanwisher (2016).↩︎

  21. Reimann, M.W. et al. (2017).↩︎

  22. Fodor (1975).↩︎

  23. Grzankowski (2015).↩︎

  24. C. McCarthy (2017).↩︎

  25. Davidson (1982).↩︎

  26. Aaronson (2013).↩︎

  27. Kurzweil (2012).↩︎

  28. J. McCarthy, Minsky, Rochester, & Shannon (1955).↩︎

  29. Dreyfus (1965).↩︎

  30. Dreyfus (1972).↩︎