A place to start in the discussion of philosophy of science and naturalism.
This site is my working draft of notes from thinking about philosophy. While the scope of this project is ambitiously large, clearly it cannot pretend to represent all of philosophy by any stretch. This is a meandering of one person through his own thoughts on philosophy, a meandering that is primarily western and focused on empiricism, although not entirely. I want to highlight the importance of science in constructing an accurate worldview, and/or to explore to what degree we can expect science to accurately describe the world. An important set of ideas in these outlines is associated with naturalism, which will be roughly defined bellow.
Philosophy of science may sound like a rather dry and esoteric topic, but its concerns have implications as radical as delineating how we arrive at knowledge and how much if anything can be known about reality. These issues are part of broader divisions in philosophy:
Philosophy of science asks:
In our modern information age, the evident power of science to elevate our awareness and bring us new technological capabilities underscores the relevance of philosophical investigations into what science is, what understanding it brings, and what its implications are.
Naturalism is unifying view of philosophy and science. It is an attitude about how philosophy should be done (a meta-philosophy) and about how philosophy relates to science. A very diverse set of thinkers are often characterized as naturalists or aligned with naturalism, at the expense of much clarity in the term, but naturalism generally consists of varying degrees of either or both:
An important view of philosophy for a naturalist is that science and philosophy have common concerns and territory; philosophy is continuous with science. At its simplest, perhaps naturalism can be summarized as a rejection of a priori speculation and a support for a science-first philosophy, a kind of refined and qualified empiricism. Roughly, naturalism is an endorsement that science should bootstrap philosophy. It does not mean that science comes prior to the philosophy of the scientific method itself, but once science is actively producing knowledge, naturalism says that the way we should think about the world and the new questions we ask about it should be informed by science.
Naturalism has its roots in the Ionian enlightenment. From there, it has shaped the scientific revolution. In many philosophical movements and counter-movements, elements of naturalism have evolved and been refined. Heroes for naturalism include Thales, Democritus, Epicurus, Lucretius, Newton, Hume, Reichenbach, Sellars, Quine, and many others.
We live in a time where science has clear leverage on shaping our future, while at the same time, basic disagreements about the nature of science and its implications for a worldview are central to many of our cultural and politcal divisions.
TODO: pick-up writing here.
Who do I want to reach with this argument?